The performing arts are no longer confined to representing other worlds, but now extend to fostering a special and preferably unique relationship between actors and audiences. What occurs between these two groups becomes more significant than the action on stage. The actions of the actors and audience are nothing other than their performances. Besides the existing rudimentary attempts to inquire into performance, cutting-edge performing arts research aims at nurturing projects aspiring to the not yet existing, the impossible, the transgressive, and whatever opens up new horizons. Performing arts research is thus audience and reception research, and places the performing arts firmly within the sphere of media perception.